Art Anderson Associates provided naval architecture and marine engineering services for the reactivation of the NOAA Ship FAIRWEATHER. Originally commissioned with NOAA in 1968, the ship was deactivated in 1989, but a critical backlog of surveys for nautical charts in Alaska was a motivating factor to reactivate the ship in 2004.
Our scope of services for the reactivation included many intricate tasks. We prepared specification and installation drawings, to provide and install a suitable machinery monitoring and control system for an automated engine room. The system includes additional monitoring points for bilge alarms at all tank top locations throughout the ship, refrigerator and freezer alarms, chill water drain tank, and bow thruster critical points. We provided specification and installation drawings to provide and install a suitable fire alarm and detection system (FADS) in compliance with 46CFR 160.002, similar to that currently installed on the NOAA Ship Rainier.
Art Anderson Associates also successfully developed the fantail arrangement and foundation drawings. This task involved the integration of the foundation for the Conductivity, Temperature and Depth Instrument (CTD). The CTD is connected to the ship by means of a conducting cable and data are sent electronically through this cable, in real-time, to the scientists on the ship. We prepared installation drawings for the high speed high resolution (HSHR) winches and the installation of new fairlead padeyes. The fantail not only meets American Bureau of Shipping (ABS) standards for fantail arrangements, but also added improved mission capability to the vessel.
One of the most intricate tasks was preparing the specification and installation drawings for the installation of two steam boilers and the conversion of the existing hot water heating system to steam. This included sizing the boilers for the expected load for all consumers, including the new evaporators.
We also provided specs and drawings for the incinerator installation; evaporator installation, boat davit installation, food service modifications, living accommodation modifications, pilothouse modifications, elevator conversions, and greywater drain modifications.
The FAIRWEATHER is outfitted primarily for hydrographic survey missions, but is capable of many other functions that support various NOAA missions. She is equipped with multi-beam survey systems; high-speed, high-resolution side-scan sonar; position and orientation systems, hydrographic survey launches, and an on-board data-processing server. Increased mission space and deck machinery enable Fairweather to be tasked with anything from buoy operations to fisheries research cruises.
In response to increased growth in the region, King County constructed a new $1.6-billion regional wastewater treatment plant, called Brightwater. The facility serves portions of King and Snohomish counties and supports the County's mission to protect public health and the environment. The new facilities will include a treatment plant, conveyance (pipes and pumps taking wastewater to and from the plant), and a marine outfall and will feature the largest membrane bioreactor system in the United States.
Art Anderson Associates provided civil and structural engineering services to develop a marine outfall for King County's new Brightwater wastewater treatment system. Our scope included the preparation of plans, specifications, a basis of design report and calculations for plastic pipe weights and a reinforced concrete pipe anchor in support of our design/build partner Triton Marine Construction. We also designed the temporary construction trestle. The purpose of the anchor is to resist axial loads on the twin 63-inch HDPE pipe system caused by seismic or landslide events. Both of the mile-long pipes and the anchor system are now resting 600 feet below the surface of Puget Sound.
The Brightwater Outfall project was featured in the September 28, 2008 issue of Engineering News Record. Engineering News Record recognized the Brightwater Outfall project with the "Best of the Best" award in the heavy/civil construction category. Engineering News Record also awarded the project its "Best of 2009" Award in the heavy/civil category.
Under the US Department of Homeland Security's Assistance to Firefighters Grant Program, the Tacoma Fire Department received $750,000 to refit the city's fireboat COMMENCEMENT. Art Anderson Associates teamed with BMT Nigel Gee of the United Kingdom to provide engineering design and consultation for the renovation and refit of the vessel.
The first phase of the project involved a comprehensive trade-off study that examined and balanced the needs and specifications of the Tacoma Fire Department and the budgetary constraints of the DHS grant. Art Anderson Associates examined the operational and financial practicality of proposed upgrades and modifications and will provide recommendations to the department.
Art Anderson Associates provided structural; propulsion; pumping, hydraulic and electrical system; and command and control modification engineering and design. Included with this design package was a detailed cost estimate and construction schedule. Art Anderson Associates also served as the Fire Department's representative in the bid and construction phase, negotiating between the owner and contractor, resolving engineering problems and maintaining weight control data.
COMMENCEMENT is one of two fireboats operating in the Tacoma Fire Department. The vessel was built in 1982 by Vosper Hovermarine as a multipurpose fiberglass surface effect ship (SES). The vessel has two 445bhp marine diesel engines powering two 19-inch propellers and a 285bhp marine diesel engine that provides power to six 24-inch aluminum alloy fans, which, when engaged, maintain an air cushion beneath the vessel. This cushion allows the COMMENCEMENT to achieve speeds of up to 30 knots and maintain a stable ride in choppy seas. Since 1983, the vessel has provided fire suppression, search and rescue, evacuation, hazardous materials response and emergency medical service for the city. The COMMENCEMENT's service area includes the Port of Tacoma, the sixth-largest container port in the United States.
Art Anderson Associates is partnered with Fairbanks-based Design Alaska to provide engineering services and program support for the establishment of Ship Energy Efficiency Management Plans (SEEMPs) for three vessels in the Alaska Marine Highway System (AMHS) fleet. Because AMHS operates ferries that cross international boundaries, new International Maritime Organization (IMO) rules necessitate the creation of these plans. The purpose of the plans is to establish a mechanism for the agency to improve the energy efficiency of a ship’s operation, and utilizes the four steps of planning, implementation, monitoring, and self-evaluation/improvement.
The scope of this effort began with a comprehensive review of the applicable IMO requirements and provide a clear understanding of how these requirements apply to AMHS vessels. Examples of existing fleet energy management programs, available analysis tools, and established SEEMP templates were evaluated to identify options for plan development. Following this information-gathering and analysis effort, draft SEEMPs will be developed.
The second phase of the project is the refinement of the SEEMPs based on underway and pierside vessel energy audits. These audits will be conducted by a small team utilizing appropriate data sheets and measurement tools, such as temperature and flow measurement devices, portable data loggers, and analysis of ship records. The energy audit results will be used to identify ship-specific measures for energy efficiency improvements, as well as broader recommendations to ensure the long-term success of the programs. Examples of measures under consideration include improved voyage planning and weather routing, speed optimization, trim and ballast optimization, hull maintenance, waste heat recovery, improved cargo handling, and use of alternative energy sources.
AAA provided naval architecture and marine engineering services for upgrades to the Clackamas County ferry MJ LEE II, which carries motorists and pedestrians across the Willamette River near the town of Canby. AAA was the original designer of the ferry, which has a carrying capacity of nine automobiles and 49 passengers. As part of this original contract, AAA prepared a complete design package for the new vessel, as well as additional site modifications to accommodate it.
The scope of work for the propulsion overhaul project included a complete replacement of the electro-hydraulic z-drive system with a fully-electric system, modifications to hydraulic systems to use vegetable oil, installation of an air conditioning unit for the pilothouse, new mooring fittings and electrical system improvements. AAA prepared concept and preliminary designs, addressing propulsion machinery, arrangements, hydraulic and electrical systems, and fire main and bilge piping systems. Subsequently, AAA prepared the complete shipyard contract technical design package for the modifications, which included plans, specifications, cost and weight estimates, stability documents, and which incorporated USCG comments. During the bid and construction phase, AAA responded to technical inquiries, issued formal addenda, performed submittal reviews, conducted site visits, developed the deadweight survey plan and performed the deadweight analysis, and finalized stability documentation.
Art Anderson Associates has provided Homeland Security Implementation Engineering services for Washington State Ferries (WSF) since 2003. The initial contract grew out of the award of Transportation Security Administration (TSA) Port Security grants for pilothouse/engine room security enhancements aboard twelve WSF vessels and camera/physical security enhancements for five WSF terminals. In 2011, Art Anderson Associates was awarded a follow-on contract that extends our exclusive support role through 2013.
The contract scope of work entails all consultant services for the design of an integrated access control and video monitoring (ACVM) system across both vessels and terminals, an essential factor in a coordinated security plan. Our team has designed surveillance, monitoring and recording equipment and software installations; intrusion alarm systems; access control systems; and overall integration with WSF's network. The work has also included vendor interface/support with the IT contractor, development and maintenance of a comprehensive equipment catalog, development of photo identification badges for all WSF employees, architectural/civil/structural design for triangle route terminal modifications, construction support during and after installation and participation in various meetings with vendor and WSF personnel.
Kitsap Transit is a public transit agency operating a fleet of passenger ferries serving routes between Bremerton, Port Orchard and Annapolis. Following the successful modification of the fleet's ferry ADMIRAL PETE, the agency began investigating options for design and construction of a sister ship. One of the goals for the sister ship design is to integrate "green" technology to reduce operational costs and environmental impact. As the naval architect for the ADMIRAL PETE project, and a firm with a long history of service to the agency, Kitsap Transit contracted with Art Anderson Associates to perform a feasibility study to begin development of the sister ship design.
The scope of work for Art Anderson Associates included development of design requirements and an operating profile for the planned vessel, including weather, speed, passenger capacity and other related factors. Candidate propulsion plants were identified and compared in the areas of cost, weight and fuel consumption. Technologies for reduction of cabin HVAC loads were investigated, including efficient insulation and waste heat recovery systems. The study also investigated application of alternative power technologies, assessing the pros and cons of various systems for use on the new sister ship. The report was compiled and presented to the Passenger Only Subcommittee of the agency's Board of Directors, and forms the basis for future work to develop the sister ship design.
Art Anderson Associates worked with the Whatcom County Department of Public Works to provide comprehensive planning, design and management services for upgrades to the Lummi Island Ferry System. The project was the result of county studies which showed a need for a new ferry vessel, terminal and upland improvements to meet the increasing transportation demand from island residents and tourists.
Throughout multiple contracts, Art Anderson Associates acted as owner's representative, developing the system's 14-year budget plan and detailed program, drafting a Public Works Trust Fund loan application package, determining the appropriate size of the new vessel and conducting a feasibility study and cost estimate for upgrades to both the Lummi Island and Gooseberry Point terminals to accommodate the new ferry. After the completion of these initial planning tasks, Art Anderson Associates was retained for the engineering design of the terminal improvements.
Art Anderson Associates' scope of work for the terminal improvements included providing plans and specifications for wing walls, dolphins, the wave break/catwalk, mooring hardware, the passenger staging area and all relevant mechanical and electrical systems. In addition to these designs, Art Anderson Associates also performed site inspections, construction support, JARPA submittal and overall project management.